The mariachi is perhaps the best known Mexican folk music tradition, especially outside of Mexico. The term “Mariachi” refers to a group of traditional Mexican music, although it can also be used to describe the musicians themselves. Mariachi music originally comes from Jalisco, a state in southwestern Mexico. From there, the mariachi tradition spread to the surrounding areas in central and western Mexico.
Mariachi music is typically vivid, bright and vibrant folk music with a western sound. Mariachi groups play mostly traditional Mexican arrangements, many of which include a romantic theme. In addition to the instruments, mariach musicians (“Mariachis” or “Mariacheros”) often sing in accompaniment to the music. Some of the most recognized mariachi tunes include “Mexican Hat Dance” and “La Cucaracha.” You may already be familiar with mariachi music, but do you know the three types of guitar that make up a mariachi band?
The characteristic sound of the mariachi is a harmony of various musical instruments. Mariachi ensembles typically consist of three or more violins, one or two trumpets, and several guitars. Every mariachi band needs at least three guitars as each of the mariachi guitars has its own distinctive tone.
The guitars used in mariachi music are the “vihuela”, the “guitarrón” and the acoustic guitar. TO vihuela It is a small and sharp Mexican guitar with five strings. This instrument can be identified by its ‘domed’ (curved) back. The vihuela produces the rhythmic liveliness of the mariachi. A guitarrón is an acoustic bass with a deep voice. The guitarrón serves as the group’s bass, since the mariachi ensemble does not have drums or other percussion. Like a vihuela, the guitarrón has a curved and convex back, but this instrument is a lot of bigger, almost the size of a cello! In addition to these two special Mexican guitars, each mariachi band also has a more typical acoustic guitar. However, the classical guitars used for mariachi are usually made in Mexico. “Requinto Guitars” or the “hit guitar”.
When you see a mariachi band performing, take a closer look at the guitars mariacheros use. You will surely find good mariachi guitars such as the vihuela, the guitarrón, and the acoustic guitar.