A self-realized soul has no likes or dislikes, accepts everything as it comes, content from within, with no desire to go, reach or achieve. Such an individual has an even-minded view, without any attraction or repulsion towards anyone or any situation.
A fulfilled individual is not attracted to anything outside of himself, he has no expectations, he realizes that everything is temporary (anityam). It does not mean that one is depressed, but that one is satisfied, content, equanimous. Happiness, like a glowing lamp inside a pot and no one can see from outside, is known as Jivan mukti. For the realized, the world does not appear, that is, one sees oneself in everything and everything in oneself.
As specified above, the realized soul is unaffected by any situation as is space, often specified in the upanishads, which cannot be stained, cut, burned, wet, or dried.
It is the understanding that the substratum is only real and that all forms and names are nothing more than appearances without a definite existence of their own. When the butter is extracted, it remains distant, it does not merge again with the buttermilk, so also the realized person is separated, neither attached nor affected by anything, lives as a witness until the prarabdha karma ends.
Prarabhda karma is the cause of the current body to experience pleasure and pain. The body is a place, vogue sthanam.
Upon Self-realization, the karmas are erased and the jivan dissolves into that One Supreme Presence, similar to the rivers that merge with the ocean, a small flame merges with fire, the space within the pot merges with the universal space, losing its name and shape. .
Sanjita, the accumulated consequences of past karmas and Agami, the seeds for the next birth, both are erased in the fire of Self-knowledge, so there is no rebirth for the realized jivan.
Since that Supreme One cannot be pointed out, the next three verses are descriptive languages with adjectives. These are also called ‘Tatastha Lakshanam’, which means ‘with reference to’!
Self-knowledge is the deepest knowledge beyond which there is nothing more to gain, it is absolute bliss, beyond which there is no other happiness, absolute gain, beyond which there is nothing to achieve.
That which is Advaita (non-dual), Nishkria (inactive), Nirvikaram (without any change), that which is Brahman, Absolute Bliss, One without a second!
This is very similar to the previous verse. The Supreme Presence is that One, realizing which, there is nothing else to see (not available to the physical senses), nor to obtain any Knowledge that results in any rebirth for the individual, jivan.
The benefit of realizing that One Supreme Brahman is the elimination of fear. Existence without fear is liberation from all the shackles of life, it is satisfaction. By realizing that it is just a rope and not a coiled snake, the fear disappears and therefore the words and actions related to that fear also disappear, so this self-knowledge also eliminates all fears in the universe.
That Supreme is the personification of Happiness, parama sukam, incomparable bliss.
That supreme and omnipresent presence is emphasized here to be here, there, north, south, east, west, above and below. It is complete, full, His Sat-Chit-Ananda, Existence-Consciousness-Happiness.
That Supreme Presence is compared to space in this verse as both are unlimited, unmodified, always present, just one of a kind, but the distinctive difference is that the Supreme Presence is Knowledge, Chit but not space! Space does not know that it exists, it does not have that knowledge.
How can we know that Supreme presence? Adi Sankara in this verse says only by means of Vedantic scriptures. The scriptures point out, indicate, neti, neti, which means the process of denial, referred to as ‘Atat ya vritti lakshanam’ in Sanskrit.
By denying the form, the name, and any modification, the physical body, Annamayya kosa, is denied. Then by saying that it is inactive it denies the breath layer or Pranamaya kosa is denied, followed by the denial of the mind, the flow of thoughts the Manonmaya kosa, therefore the subtle body is denied and leads to the denial of the body causal, that is, without any impression. .
That one presence without a second is limitless, An Absolute Bliss!
That one Supreme presence that is absolute and omnipresent is the One and only IS and is in all beings, everything that seems to exist. The joy, the pleasures that all these beings, from the Deities to the minute species, all combined, are but a flash of that Supreme Bliss.
That one presence, called Atman, is in all appearances. We love another person or the being symbolizes the recognition of that presence in that incarnation. Without that presence everything is inert.
All names and forms dissolve in Him. One appears as many! This is the essence of verse 59
Once again, that Supreme presence, Atman, is described as all-pervading and cannot be specifically described as neither short nor long, neither fat nor thin, without birth or death, therefore all that is found in the medium, without personalities, name or form.
Everything is understood, learned, captured only by that single presence, although it cannot be seen, heard, touched, felt, smelled or tasted …
As in verse 12, this body, this world is made up of five elements that do not have the capacity to know that they exist, but that all are experienced only by the One. That One is the Subject and the subject can never be the object. Even to know it, understand it, realize it, one needs the grace of YOU …